Essays and Articles

December 31, 2021

Polemics as Caricature: The False Portrayal of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ by John of Damascus and Thomas Aquinas

This essay examines a historic Christian polemical tradition espoused by two high-ranking and influential Christian polemicists and apologists: John of Damascus and Thomas Aquinas. Falsely portraying Islam and Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was a key characteristic of the approach adopted by many Christian apologists. The Prophetic response to those who caricature Islam is to remain God-centric and morally upright.
October 23, 2021

Wrestling with Free Will: Reflections on Divine and Human Freedom

In theology, Divine determinism and human free will are one of the most contentious issues. Where is the space for human free will, with an omnipotent God who knows and wills the future? Is this not some kind of cosmic ventriloquism? If theological compatibilism is true, what is the mechanism through which Divine determinism and human free will can coexist?
September 7, 2021

Does the Qur’an say the earth is flat? Islamic scholarship & the multiplicity of readings approach

This article addresses the question of whether the Qur'an says the world is flat. This question is answered in a comprehensive way by referring to classical Islamic scholarship, the Qur'an and applying the multiplicity of readings approach.
February 20, 2021

Nihilism as a Poison – Part 1: The Death of Meaning

In part one of a two part series, Yusuf Ponders introduces the reader to the problem of nihilism, its causes and its effects on society. The essay explores nihilism's relationship with meaninglessness, indifference to truth and amorality. Part one concludes with an introduction to part two: how Islam can be an effective antidote to the poison of nihilism.
December 9, 2020

Who Shoulders the Burden of Proof? Reformed Epistemology & Properly-Basic Islamic Belief

This essay attempts to outline both a coherent epistemic theory of knowledge, and stipulate its relationship to religious belief. In doing so, the essay argues for the following thesis: that specifically Islamic belief held in a basic way, can be sufficient for knowledge without resorting to rational argumentation, and that the those who believe in Islamic theism do not shoulder the burden of proof.
December 7, 2020

The Pathology of Flamboyant Denial

The rise of technology, of cinematography, of state power and individual autonomy has furthered man’s potential of narcissistic grandiosity, of arrogance, self-entitlement and exploitative behaviours. In light of this, this article will consider the behaviourism of the flamboyant denier, drawing on anticipated behaviour of antagonists, their tendencies and pathology as described in the Qur’an.
September 19, 2020

Divine Certainty: A Qur’anic and Philosophical Argument for God

This essay provides a convincing qur'anic and philosophical argument for the existence of an uncreated creator who willed the universe to come into existence. The essay argues that this creator is uniquely one, eternal, transcendent, powerful and knowing. It also addresses popular and academic objections.
September 12, 2020

Cracks in the Mirror: Idolatry in Celebrity Culture

The Qur’an informs its readers that man can exhibit a destructive psychopathological tendency of seeking temporary comfort and validation in pseudo-characters and icons, the pursuit of which symbolises an illusory closeness and affinity with those who come to represent them. This article explains this social malaise through a Qur’anic framework.
June 16, 2020

Affluence and Atheism: Is there a Correlation?

The Qur’an reveals an interesting exposition of some people’s opposition to faith. It shows that the setting of wealth and children as benchmarks for success and stature can consequently act as impediments to effective engagement with the divine instructive. Such people are described as finding great security and self-assurance in their affluence.
June 9, 2020

“I Can’t Breathe”

The killing of George Floyd on May 25th 2020 tugged at our collective conscience. With every waning breath and dying plea ‘I can’t breathe’ screamed in its silence and we gasped together. The coalescing of brutal indifference of state power with a forlorn plea for mercy, for understanding, for pity, for empathy, placed us all in an unavoidable frame of witnessing.
May 23, 2020

Prophetic Mercy and Empathy as a Social Outlook

In our engagement with others, we should remember that we as humans are mostly comforted by similar things — displays of kindness and mercy. God describes Prophet Muhammad ﷺ as an embodiment of merciful character: Mercy, compassion and empathy are interlinked features of the best of what all people seek.
May 16, 2020

Divine Link: Dependency and God’s Existence

The universe and everything within it is dependent. The only plausible explanation is that the universe, and everything within it, has to depend on an entity whose existence is in some ways independent from the universe. Therefore, there must be an independent and eternal Being.

Book Reviews

January 3, 2022

Book Review: Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics

In Ibn Taymiyya’s Theological Ethics (Oxford University Press), Sophia Vasalou takes us on a fascinating journey through Ibn Taymiyya’s oeuvre. She marshals an impressive array of wide-ranging primary and secondary sources. She collects and collates the various strands in Ibn Taymiyya’s thought to give us a detailed picture of his ethics. This book review summarises her main arguments, highlights some of the book's shortcomings, and presents four ways how those who educate others about Islam can benefit.
November 2, 2021

Book Review: Arguments for God’s Existence in Classical Islamic Thought – A Reappraisal of the Discourse

The academic consensus is that Islamic philosophy puts great emphasis on rational proofs for God’s existence. In her book, Arguments for God’s Existence in Classical Islamic Thought, Hannah Erlwein seeks to overturn this consensus by a radical proposal. Her book is unlike anything else in the field.
October 13, 2021

Book Review: Darwin Devolves – The New Science About DNA That Challenges Evolution

A book review of Michael Behe's book, "Darwin Devolves: The New Science About DNA That Challenges Evolution". This review summarises Behe's key arguments, criticises some of his logical errors and explains how parents, students and those who seek to share Islam can use this book.
October 6, 2021

Book Review: Jihad, Radicalism, and The New Atheism

A book review of Mohammad Hassan Khalil's book, "Jihad, Radicalism, and New Atheism" published by Cambridge University Press. This review provides various insights for those interested in sharing Islam, specifically in the context of addressing misconceptions regarding Jihad.

Books

December 15, 2021

The Burhān: Arguments for a Necessary Being Inspired by Islamic Thought

In The Burhān Mohammed Hijab analyses Ibn Sīnā’s argument for the existence of God and responds to popular and academic objections. Inspired by Islamic scholarship, Hijab provides novel arguments for God's existence and re-articulates Ibn Sīnā’s argument, making it accessible for theists to make the case for God.
October 1, 2020

The Divine Reality: God, Islam & The Mirage of Atheism

In The Divine Reality, Hamza Andreas Tzortzis provides a compelling case for the rational and spiritual foundations of Islam, whilst intelligently and compassionately deconstructing atheism. Join him on an existential, spiritual and rational journey that articulates powerful arguments for the existence of God, the Qur’an, the Prophethood of Muhammad and why we must know, love and worship God.
July 15, 2020

The Scientific Deception of the New Atheists

This book written by Mohammad Hijab discusses how proponents of the New Atheist movement commonly assert various arguments that assert that science undermines God. This small book is a refutation of these claims. By referencing the works of western intellectuals, the author demonstrates decisively how flawed these postulations are.
July 14, 2020

On Being Human

This book written by Dr. Osman Latiff seeks to understand the Muslim’s role in a world of sometimes discordant relations festered by attitudes of othering and dehumanisation. It shows that such attitudes, fuelled by hate, impinge upon a conviviality, harmony of existence and mutual understanding between peoples – as reflected in the Qur’ānic paradigm.

Answers

September 7, 2021

Does the Qur’an say the earth is flat? Islamic scholarship & the multiplicity of readings approach

This article addresses the question of whether the Qur'an says the world is flat. This question is answered in a comprehensive way by referring to classical Islamic scholarship, the Qur'an and applying the multiplicity of readings approach.
May 31, 2020

Does Euthyphro’s Dilemma Undermine God’s Commands?

Many atheists attempt to undermine the notion that objective morality is linked to God’s commands by citing Euthyphro’s dilemma. The dilemma is presented as follows: Is something morally good because God commands it, or does God command it because it is morally good?
May 6, 2020

“Who created God?”

A common frequently asked question that pops up in theist-atheist discussions is: ‘Who created God?’. From popular authors like Richard Dawkins to the common atheist internet activists, this question is absurdly thought to be a valid argument against God. Skeptics may phrase the question in multiple ways. In this answer, you will learn how this contention is misplaced.
April 29, 2020

Does Artificial Intelligence Undermine Religion?

Artificial intelligence (AI) has developed rapidly over the past few years. With this fast-moving area of technology many are postulating that AI can become conscious, and the implications are that it undermines religious narratives. In this answer, you will learn how to answer this question and why AI does not undermine religion.
Donate